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Table 1 Differential phenotypic and biochemical characteristics of Bacillus cereus strain IIIJ3–1 and taxonomically and metabolically related species.

From: Molecular and taxonomic characterization of arsenic (As) transforming Bacillus sp. strain IIIJ3–1 isolated from As-contaminated groundwater of Brahmaputra river basin, India

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Colony colour/ nature cream ND Red Cream Brown Yellow–orange cream rhizoidal white White/grey cream rhizoidal White cream
As5+ tolerance (mM) 350 0 NA 20 0 20 nr nr nr nr nr nr nr nr
As3+ tolerance (mM) 10 0.3 0.3 0.3 0 0.3 nr nr nr nr nr nr nr nr
Catalase + + + + nr nr + + + + nr + + +
Oxidase + + + nr + nr +
Temperature Range (°C) 20–50 nr nr 20–40 18–37 15–37 20–50 10–40 10–45 10–45 5–37 5–37 10–50 10–45
Salinity (%) 0–4 2.4–6 0–6 0–1 0–2 0–2 nr 0–2.5 0 0 nr 0–4 nr 0–5
pH range 6–10 8.5–10 8.5–10 5.5–8 7–9.5 06–7.1 nr 5–9.5 5–9.5 5–9.5 nr 5–9.5 nr 5–9.5
(G + C)% 45 40 49 35 nr 41.2 35.8 34–36 35.3 35.38 35.5 34.1 35.4 35.6
Major quinone MK5, MK6, MK7 nr nr MK7 MK7 MK7 nr nr MK7 MK8
MK7
MK3
nr MK7 MK7 nr
Mannitol nr nr +
Rhyzoidal colony + +
Starch hydrolysis + + + + + + + + + + + +
Glycerol     nr + +
Ribose ND nr nr + + + + + + + + +
Galactose + nr nr
D-mannose nr nr nr + + + +
N acetyl Glucosamine + nr nr nr + nr + + + + + + + +
Salicin nr nr nr nr + + + + + + +
Cellobiose nr nr + + + + + + +
Sucrose + nr nr + + + + + + +
Trehalose + nr nr nr + nr + + + + + + +
Glycogen ND nr nr nr + nr + + + + + + +
β-gentiobiose nr nr nr + nr
Turanose nr nr nr   nr +
  1. Negative growth results were found for sugars- D-raffinose, mellibiose, D- mannose, D- galactose, β-gentiobiose, D-turanose, α-rhamnose, 3-methyl glucose, D-fucose and β–methyl–D–glucoside, sugar alcohols- D-sorbitol, D- mannitol, D-arabitol, myo-inositol, glycerol, sugar amine and amide- N-acetyl galactosamine and glucuronamide, amino acids- D-serine, α-glutamic acid, α-histidine glycyl-L- proline, L-alanine, L-arginine, sugar alcohols- glycerol, D- salicin, sugar acids- p-hydroxy phenyl acetic acid, L-aspartic acid, D-galactouronic acid, L-galactonic acid, D-glucuronic acid, D-lactic acid methyl ester, citric acid, γ-amino butyric acid, α-hydroxy butyric acid, β-hydroxy D-Lbutyric acid, α-keto butyric acid, N-acetyl neuraminic acid, D-aspartic acid, α- pyroglutamic acid, quinic acid, acetic acid, fusidic acid, D- saccharic acid, bromosuccinic acid, formic acid, nalidixic acid, sodium butyrate, mucic acid, α-ketoglutaric acid, D-malic acid, acetoacetic acid, propionic acid and Tween 4
  2. B. inferioriaquae strain IIIJ3–1 (present study); 2. B. arsenicoselenatis; 3. B. selenatireducens (2,3) [46]; 4. B. arsenicus [36]; 5. B.barbaricus [52]; 6. B. indicus [37]; 7. B. cytotoxicus; 8. B. pseudomycoides; 9. B. cereus; 10. B. thuringiensis; 11. B. weihenstephanensis; 12. B. mycoides; 13. B.anthracis (7–13) [53]; 14. B. toyonensis [54]. Symbols; (+) = positive, (−) = negative; ND = not determined, nr = no report, MK = menaquinone