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Table 2 Yeast strains isolated from wheat leaves and used in the disk diffusion test (A) and the survival test in a liquid medium with propiconazole (B)

From: Wheat phyllosphere yeasts degrade propiconazole

Isolate Origin Year of isolation Sensitivity to fungicides in the disk diffusion test A Survival in a liquid medium B
En/Ep Treatment Ψ Wheat growth stage
Aureobasidium pullulans 14 En Control BBCH 49 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 15 En Control BBCH 49 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 16 En Control BBCH 49 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 17 En Control BBCH 49 2009 HS
Rhodotorula glutinis 18 En Control BBCH 49 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 19 En Control BBCH 49 2009 S
Rhodotorula glutinis 39 En Fung 1 BBCH 49 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 40 En Fung 1 BBCH 49 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 41 En Fung 1 BBCH 49 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 42 En Fung 1 BBCH 49 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 43 En Fung 1 BBCH49 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 44 En Fung 1 BBCH49 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 45 En Fung 1 BBCH 49 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 46 En Fung 1 BBCH 49 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 47 En Fung 1 BBCH 49 2009 HS
Rhodotorula glutinis 48 En Control BBCH 55 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 49 En Control BBCH 55 2009 S
Rhodotorula glutinis 50 En Control BBCH 55 2009 S
Rhodotorula glutinis 51 En Control BBCH 55 2009 NS
Rhodotorula glutinis 52 En Control BBCH 55 2009 NS 100
Aureobasidium pullulans 53 En Control BBCH 55 2009 S
Cryprococcus sp. 54 En Control BBCH 55 2009 S
Rhodotorula glutinis Rg 55 En Control BBCH 55 2009 NS 100
Rhodotorula glutinis 56 En Control BBCH 55 2009 NS
Rhodotorulla glutinis 57 En Control BBCH 55 2009 NS 100
Aureobasidium pullulans 58 En Control BBCH 55 2009 NS
Aureobasidium pullulans 59 En Control BBCH 55 2009 S 200
Aureobasidium pullulans 60 En Control BBCH 55 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 61 En Control BBCH 55 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 62 En Control BBCH 55 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 63 En Control BBCH 55 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 81 En Fung 3 BBCH 55 2009 S 100
Aureobasidium pullulans 82 En Fung 3 BBCH 55 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 83 En Fung 3 BBCH 55 2009 NS
Aureobasidium pullulans 84 En Fung 4 BBCH 55 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 85 En Fung 4 BBCH 55 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 86 En Fung 4 BBCH 55 2009 S
Rhodotorula glutinis 87 En Fung 4 BBCH 55 2009 HS
Rhodotorula glutinis 88 En Fung 4 BBCH 55 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 89 En Fung 4 BBCH 55 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 90 En Fung 4 BBCH 55 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 91 En Fung 4 BBCH 55 2009 NS
Rhodotorula glutinis Rg 92 En Fung 4 BBCH 55 2009 NS 100
Rhodotorula glutinis 102 Ep Fung 4 BBCH 61 2009 S
Rhodotorula glutinis 103 Ep Fung 4 BBCH 61 2009 NS 100
Aureobasidium pullulans 104 Ep Fung 4 BBCH 61 2009 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 105 Ep Fung 4 BBCH 61 2009 S
Rhodotorula glutinis 111 Ep Control BBCH 73 2009 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 113 Ep Fung 4 BBCH 73 2009 NS
Aureobasidium pullulans 132 En Fung 1 BBCH 37 2010 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 135 Ep Fung 1 BBCH 37 2010 S
Rhodotorula glutinis136 En Fung 2 BBCH 37 2010 NS 100
Aureobasidium pullulans 137 Ep Control BBCH 49 2010 NS
Cryptococcus sp.138 Ep Control BBCH 49 2010 S
Debaryomyces hansenii 154 Ep Fung 3 BBCH 55 2010 S
Candida albicans155 Ep Fung 3 BBCH 55 2010 S
Cryptococcus sp. 163 En Fung 3 BBCH 61 2010 NS 100
Debaryomyces hansenii 164 En Fung 4 BBCH 61 2010 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 166 En Fung 4 BBCH 61 2010 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 168 Ep Fung 4 BBCH 61 2010 S
Rhodotorula glutinis 176 En Fung 2 BBCH 31 2011 NS 100
Rhodotorula glutinis 177 En Fung 2 BBCH 31 2011 NS 100
Aureobasidium pullulans 185 En Fung 1 BBCH 37 2011 S
Pseudozyma sp.186 Ep Fung 2 BBCH 37 2011 HS
Aureobasidium pullulans 187 En Control BBCH 49 2011 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 190 En Fung 1 BBCH 49 2011 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 191 En Fung 1 BBCH 49 2011 NS
Aureobasidium pullulans 203 En Control BBCH 61 2011 NS 100
Aureobasidium pullulans 210 Ep Fung 4 BBCH 73 2011 S
Aureobasidium pullulans 211 En Fung 4 BBCH 73 2011 HS
Cryptococcus sp. 212 Ep Fung 3 BBCH 73 2011 S
Cryptococcus sp. 48 En Control BBCH 73 2010 NS 100
Cryptococcus sp. C 123 En Control BBCH 73 2011 NS 100
Aureobasidium pullulans 83 Ep Control BBCH 73 2010 NS 100
Aureobasidium pullulans 137 Ep Control BBCH 73 2011 NS 100
  1. En - endophyte, Ep – epiphyte, Y refer to Table 5, A NS – non-sensitive, no inhibition zone around discs saturated with all tested fungicides; S – sensitive, inhibition zone of 1–250 mm2; HS – highly sensitive, inhibition zone > 250 mm2
  2. B 100 – isolates growing in a liquid medium containing 100 μl dm−3 of propiconazole, 200 – isolates growing in a liquid medium containing 200 μl dm−3 of propiconazole, “-” – not analyzed
  3. BBCH 31 - First node at least 1 cm above tillering node; BBCH 37 - flag leaf just visible, still rolled; BBCH 49 - first awns visible (in awned forms only); BBCH 55 - middle of heading: half of inflorescence emerged; BBCH 61 - beginning of flowering: first anthers visible; BBCH 73 - early milk; BBCH 93 - grains loosening in day-time