Skip to main content

Table 3 Analysis of risk factors for E. bieneusi infection in children

From: First identification and genotyping of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in humans in Myanmar

VariableExamined no. (%)Positive no (%)ORa (95% CIb)χ2/P-value
Demographic factor
 Sex
  Male44/45.364/9.095.20 (0.56, 48.35)1.29/0.26
  Female53/54.641/1.89
Clinical symptoms
 Diarrhea
  Yes26/26.802/7.691.89 (0.30, 12.00)0.03/0.87
  No71/73.203/4.23
 Abdominal pain
  Yes14/14.431/7.140.66 (0.07, 6.36)0/1.00
  No83/85.574/4.82
 Nausea    
  Yes3/3.0901.03 (1.00, 1.07)−/1.00c
  No94/96.915/5.32
 Emesis
  Yes2/2.0601.02 (1.00, 1.05)−/1.00c
  No95/97.945/5.26
 Anorexia
  Yes2/2.0601.02 (1.00, 1.05)−/1.00c
  No95/97.945/5.26
Personal hygiene habits
 Drinking boiled water
  Yes71/73.202/2.824.50 (0.71, 28.63)1.45/0.23
  No26/26.803/11.54
 Washing hands before meals
  Yes42/43.304/9.520.18 (0.02, 1.64)1.53/0.22
  No55/56.701/1.82
 Washing hands after using toilets    
  Yes31/31.9601.08 (1.01, 1.16)−/0.17c
  No66/68.045/7.58
 Eating unwashed vegetables and fruits    
  Yes79/81.445/6.331.24 (1.12, 1.38)−/0.58c
  No18/18.560
Others
 Pit toilets
  Public95/97.945/5.261.02 (1.00, 1.05)−/1.00c
  Individual2/2.060
 Animal feeding patterns
  Free-ranging29/29.901/3.450.39 (0.02, 6.85)0/1.00
  Both free-ranging and captive56/57.733/5.360.62 (0.06, 6.56)0/1.00
  Captive12/12.371/8.33Ref 
  1. a OR Odds ratio. b CI Confidence interval. c Fisher’s exact test