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Table 3 Conjugation characteristics of ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing CRe isolated from cockroaches and humans

From: Household cockroaches carry CTX-M-15-, OXA-48- and NDM-1-producing enterobacteria, and share beta-lactam resistance determinants with humans

  1. *Highlighted antibiotics were not cotransferred to transconjugants; Gn, gentamicin; Tgc, tigecycline; Cip, ciprofloxacin; Cot, cotrimoxazole; Mer, meropem; Fox, cefoxitin; Cfx, cefuroxime;Ctx, cefotaxime; Amp, ampicillin; Aug, aumentin; Chl, chloramphenicol; Tet, tetracycline; Nit, nitrofurantoin; Azt, aztreonam; Aug, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, Ptz, piperacillin/tazobactam, Cpt, ceftaroline (approved for only E.coli, K. pneumoniae, K oxytoca)