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Table 3 Patients’ characteristics grouped by colonisation status (non- community B vs. community B) and subdivided by the time-point of occurrence (pre- and/or postoperative period)

From: Gut microbiome patterns correlate with higher postoperative complication rates after pancreatic surgery

  Pre and post community B Post community B p-value pre and post community B vs. post community B
Number 7 12  
Age [years] 64.0 (58.5–67.0) 70.0 (58.5–75.0) 0.445
ASA status 2.0 (2.0–2.5) 3.0 (2.0–3.0) 0.118
Cardiovascular risk factors
 Coronary heart disease 0 (0.0%) 2 (16.7%) 0.253
 Diabetes 2 (28.6%) 3 (25.0%) 0.865
 Arterial hypertension 2 (28.6%) 6 (50.0%) 0.361
 Chronic renal failure 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1.000
Primary disease
 Malignant 4 (57.1%) 9 (75.0%) 0.419
 IPMN 3 (42.9%) 2 (16.7%) 0.211
 Chronic pancreatitis 0 (0.0%) 1 (8.3%) 0.433
Operation
 Partial pancreaticoduodenectomy 4 (57.1%) 3 (25.0%) 0.161
 Pylorus-preserving pancreas head resection 1 (14.3%) 5 (41.7%) 0.216
 Total pancreatectomy 1 (14.3%) 0 (0.0%) 0.179
 Distal pancreatectomy 1 (14.3%) 2 (16.7%) 0.891
 Tumour enucleation 0 (0.0%) 2 (16.7%) 0.253
 Surgery [min] 330.0 (315.0–360.0) 240.0 (176.3–333.8) 0.149
 Blood loss1 [mL] 750.0 (600.0–1300.0) 600.0 (500.0–800.0) 0.251
 Infusion1 [mL] 3000.0 (2750.0–4250.0) 3000.0 (2375.0–3750.0) 0.491
 Transfusion1 [mL] 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 1.000
 CRP2 [mg/L] 147.5 (79.2–175.8) 86.7 (45.5–148.0) 0.178
 Leucocytes2 [1/nL] 12.5 (8.6–14.0) 10.4 (8.0–12.9) 0.370
Hospital stay
 In total [days] 15.0 (10.5–32.0) 16.0 (11.8–33.8) 0.641
 Intermediate care unit [days] 0.0 (0.0–5.5) 0.0 (0.0–0.3) 0.539
 Intensive care unit [days] 1.0 (0.0–1.5) 0.0 (0.0–1.0) 0.295
Postoperative complications [Clavien-Dindo classification]
 Grade I 3 (42.9%) 2 (16.7%) 0.211
 Grade II 1 (14.3%) 5 (41.7%) 0.363
 Grade III3 0 (0.0%) 2 (16.7%) 0.253
 Grade IV4 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1.000
 Grade V 1 (14.3%) 1 (8.3%) 0.683
Outcome
 Survivor 90 days 13 (100.0%) 19 (100.0%) 1.000
  1. Data are presented as the median and interquartile range (Q1–Q3) or as count and percentage. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant and are highlighted in boldface. Concerning symbolism and higher orders of significance: p < 0.05 *, p < 0.01 **, p < 0.001 ***. ASA status, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system; IPMN, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm; CRP, C-reactive protein. 1total measured intraoperatively; 2postoperative observation period; 3includes grades IIIa and IIIb; 4includes grades IVa and IVb