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Table 2 Patients’ characteristics grouped by colonisation status (non-community B vs. community B)

From: Gut microbiome patterns correlate with higher postoperative complication rates after pancreatic surgery

  Non-community B Community B p-value non- community B. vs. community B
Number 13 19  
Age [years] 62.0 (51.0–68.0) 67.0 (58.0–75.0) 0.150
ASA status 2.0 (2.0–2.0) 3.0 (2.0–3.0) 0.070
Cardiovascular risk factors
 Coronary heart disease 1 (7.7%) 2 (10.5%) 0.787
 Diabetes 3 (23.1%) 5 (26.3%) 0.835
 Arterial hypertension 5 (38.5%) 8 (42.1%) 0.837
 Chronic renal failure 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1.000
Primary disease
 Malignant 6 (46.2%) 13 (68.4%) 0.208
 IPMN 3 (23.1%) 5 (26.3%) 0.835
 Chronic pancreatitis 4 (30.8%) 1 (5.2%) 0.051
Operation
 Partial pancreaticoduodenectomy 0 (0.0%) 7 (36.8%) 0.013*
 Pylorus-preserving pancreas head resection 5 (38.0%) 6 (31.6%) 0.687
 Total pancreatectomy 2 (15.4%) 1 (5.3%) 0.335
 Distal pancreatectomy 3 (23.1%) 3 (15.8%) 0.604
 Tumour enucleation 3 (23.1%) 2 (10.5%) 0.337
 Surgery [min] 195.0 (180.0–285.0) 315.0 (210.0–345.0) 0.273
 Blood loss1 [mL] 600.0 (200.0–1000.0) 700 (500–950) 0.630
 Infusion1 [mL] 3000.0 (2500.0–4000.0) 3000.0 (2500.0–4000.0) 0.684
 Transfusion1 [mL] 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 1.000
 CRP2 [mg/L] 73.2 (36.1–105.1) 102.7 (51.6–155.0) 0.006**
 Leucocytes2 [1/nL] 9.0 (7.8–9.9) 11.1 (8.4–13.8) 0.022*
Hospital stay
 In total [days] 11.0 (9.0–14.0) 15.0 (11.0–36.5) 0.030*
 Intermediate care unit [days] 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 0.0 (0.0–3.0) 0.439
 Intensive care unit [days] 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 0.0 (0.0–1.0) 0.032*
Postoperative complications [Clavien-Dindo classification]
 Total number 3 (23.1%) 14 (73.7%) 0.005**
 Grade I 2 (15.4%) 2 (10.5%) 0.683
 Grade II 1 (7.7%) 5 (26.3%) 0.185
 Grade III3 0 (0.0%) 6 (31.6%) 0.044*
 Grade IV4 0 (0.0%) 2 (10.5%) 0.227
 Grade V 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1.000
Outcome
 Survivor 90 days 13 (100.0%) 19 (100.0%) 1.000
  1. Data are presented as the median and interquartile range (Q1–Q3) or as count and percentage. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant and are highlighted in boldface. Concerning symbolism and higher orders of significance: p < 0.05 *, p < 0.01 **, p < 0.001 ***. ASA status, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system; IPMN, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm; CRP, C-reactive protein. 1Two patients suffered from medical and surgical complications, therefore both have been allocated into the medical as well as the surgical complication group; 2total measured intraoperatively; 3postoperative observation period; 4includes grades IIIa and IIIb; 5includes grades IVaand IVb