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Table 4 Number (percent) of virulence, antibiotic resistance and toxin (VAT) genes detected in A. faecis and A. lanthieri strains isolated from agricultural surface water and  various fecal sources

From: Novel virulence, antibiotic resistance and toxin gene-specific PCR-based assays for rapid pathogenicity assessment of Arcobacter faecis and Arcobacter lanthieri

Species No. of Isolates Virulence genes Antibiotic resistance genes Toxin genes
cadF ciaB irgA mviN pldA tylA tet(O) tet(W) cdtA cdtB cdtC
A. faecis 29 29 (100) 28 (97) 29 (100) 27 (93) 28 (97) 29 (100) 27 (93) 29 (100) 28 (97) NDa 29 (100)
A. lanthieri 10 9 (90) 9 (90) 8 (80) 9 (90) 9 (90) 8 (80) 8 (80) 9 (90) 8 (80) 9 (90) 8 (80)
  1. aGene not detected