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Table 1 Study participant characteristics

From: The palatine tonsil bacteriome, but not the mycobiome, is altered in HIV infection

  HIV-infected N = 46 HIV-uninfected N = 20 p value
Age, mean (SD), years 41 (13) 40 (10) 0.57
Gender (male), n (%) 43 (94) 18 (90) 0.64
Smoker, n (%) 16 (35) 9 (45) 0.26
Risk behaviors for HIV infection
 MSM, n (%) 38 (83) NA ND
 IDU, n (%) 5 (11) NA ND
WBC, mean (SD), count/dL 5424 (1623) 5995 (1682) 0.20
CD4+ T-cell count, median cells/μL (IQR) 438 (274–618) ND ND
Nadir CD4+ T-cell count, median cells/μL (IQR) 164 (94–306) ND ND
CD4+ T-cell count 200 cells/μL, n (%) 6 (13) ND ND
Plasma viral load, median copies/mL (IQR) 0 (0–4505) ND ND
Plasma viral load > 200 copies/mL, n (%) 13 (28) ND ND
Treatment with ART, n (%) 34 (74) NA ND
  1. SD standard deviations, MSM men who have sex with men, IDU intravenous drug users, NA not applicable, WBC white blood cell, IQR interquartile range, ND not done, ART antiretroviral therapy
  2. Age and WBC counts were summarized by means and compared using t-tests. Gender and smoking status were compared using Fisher’s exact tests