Skip to main content

Table 2 Endophytic bacterial isolates from salad vegetables and their known characteristics

From: Prevalence of plant beneficial and human pathogenic bacteria isolated from salad vegetables in India

Bacterial isolate Descriptiona Source vegetable Isolate ID Dilution GenBank accession no.
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Opportunistic pathogen; associated with conjunctivitis, keratitis, scleritis, dacryrocystitis, cellulitis and endophthalmitis Carrot,
Carrot,
Carrot,
Carrot,
Onion,
Tomato
SBANHCA1, SBANHCa5, SBANHCa6, SBANHCa13,
SBANHO7,
SBANHT8
Crude,
Crude,
Crude,
10-2,
Crude,
Crude
KJ923784, KJ923788, KJ923789, KJ923796,
KJ923776,
KR186173
Staphylococcus aureus Opportunistic pathogen; causes food poisoning, skin infection, pneumonia, septicemia, pyogenic infection, toxic shock syndrome and bacteremia Carrot,
Carrot,
Carrot,
Onion,
Tomato,
SBANHCA2, SBANHCa10, SBANHCa11,
SBANHO2,
SBANHT3,
Crude,
Crude,
10-2,
Crude,
Crude,
KJ923785, KJ923793, KJ923794,
KJ923771,
KR186184,
Terribacillus saccharophilus Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria Tomato SBANST6 Crude KR259242
Bacillus tequilensis Plant growth promoting bacteria; nitrogen fixing Tomato SBANST6a Crude KR259246
Salmonella enterica Highly pathogenic; causes food and water borne disease in human and animals; causes gastroenteritis, bacteraemia, enteric fever Carrot,
Carrot
SBANHCA3, SBANHCa4 Crude, Crude KJ923786, KJ923787
Enterobacter aerogenes Opportunistic pathogen; causes urinary tract infection, bacteraemia, endocarditis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis and skin/soft tissue infection Carrot,
Carrot
SBANHCA7, SBANHCA9 Crude, Crude KJ923790, KJ923792
Bordetella bronchiseptica Opportunistic pathogen; causes respiratory tract infection in patients with cystic fibrosis and whooping cough Carrot SBANHCa8 Crude KJ923791
Bacillus pumilus Plant growth promoting bacteria; opportunistic pathogen; causes food poisoning and cutaneous infection in human. Carrot,
Carrot,
Carrot,
Carrot,
Carrot,
Onion,
Onion,
Onion,
Onion,
Tomato,
Tomato,
Tomato,
Tomato,
Tomato,
Tomato
SBANHCa12, SBANHCA15, SBANHCa15a, SBANHCA17, SBANHCa17a,
SBANHO1, SBANHO4, SBANHO12,
SBANSO81,
SBANHT1, SBANHT16, SBANHT17,
SBANHT21,
SBANST8, SBANST12
10-2,
10-2,
10-2,
10-2,
10-2,
Crude, Crude,
10-4,
Crude,
Crude,
10-2,
10-3,
10-4,
10-2,
10-2
KJ923795, KJ923798, KR152298, KJ923800, KR152300,
KJ923770, KJ923773, KJ923780,
KR259236,
KR186170, KR186180, KR186181,
KR186183,
KR259243, KR259245
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pathogenic; causes infection in immunocompromised individuals; causes endocarditis, osteomyelitis, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, gastrointestinal infections and meningitis Carrot SBANHCa1a, SBANHCA14 Crude, 10-2 KR152296, KJ923797
Paenibacillus polymyxa Plant growth promoting bacteria; biocontrol agent and suppresses plant pathogens Carrot SBANHCA16 10-2 KJ923799
Paenibacillus illinoisensis Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria; suppresses the activity of pathogens Carrot SBANHCa16a 10-2 KR152299
Enterobacter hormaechei Causes nosocomial infection associated with blood stream infection Carrot SBANHCa2a Crude KR152301
Staphylococcus sciuri Animal associated bacteria; causes endocarditis, peritonitis, septic shock, urinary tract infection, endophthalmitis, pelvic inflammatory disease and wound infection Carrot,
Carrot
SBANHCa7a,
SBANHCa14a
Crude,
10-2
KR152302
Bacillus aerophilus Bioremediation of imidacloprid, a synthetic insecticide Carrot SBANSCa3 Crude KR186185
Bacillus cereus Causes food poisoning; vomiting and diarrhoea Carrot SBANSCa4 Crude KR186186
Microbacterium oleivorans Plant beneficial bacteria; biocontrol agent to reduce mycotoxin in peanuts, grapes and cereals Carrot SBANSCa5 Crude KR186187
Arthrobacter nicotianae Environmentally beneficial bacteria; biodegradation of agro -chemicals Carrot SBANSCa6 Crude KR186188
Bacillus subtilis Plant beneficial bacteria; suppresses cucumber Fusarium wilt disease Carrot SBANSCa7 Crude KR186189
Bacillus flexus Plant endophytic bacteria; present in roots of wheat crop. Carrot,
Onion,
SBANSCa10,
SBANSO82,
10-2,
Crude,
KR186190,
KR259237,
Stenotrophomonas rhizophila Promotes plant growth; protects against biotic and abiotic stress; associated with human as a nosocomial pathogen Cucumber,
Cucumber,
Cucumber,
Cucumber,
Cucumber,
Cucumber,
Cucumber,
Cucumber
SBANHCu14a, SBANHCu15,
SBANHCu15a, SBANHCu16, SBANHCu17, SBANHCu17a, SBANHCu23, SBANHCu23a
10-2,
10-2,
10-3
10-3,
10-4,
10-4
10-4,
10-4
KR259223,
KR259224,
KT020946, KR152303, KT020947, KR259225, KT020952, KR152304
Arthrobacter mysorens Causes erythema with localised skin infection Cucumber SBANHCu24 10-4 KR152305
Pseudomonas xanthomarina Arsenite oxidizing bacteria; helps in biodegradation of petroleum oil Cucumber,
Cucumber,
Cucumber,
Cucumber,
Cucumber
SBANHCu19, SBANHCu22, SBANHCu25a,
SBANSCu19, SBANSCu22
10-3,
10-4,
10-4,
10-2,
10-4
KT020948, KT020951, KR152306,
KR259226, KR259229
Cellulosimicrobium cellulans Opportunistic pathogen; causes catheter related bacteraemia with short bowel syndrome in children, peritonitis, endocarditis and joint, ocular and soft-tissue infections Cucumber SBANHCu10 Crude KT020943
Microbacterium schleiferi Environmentally beneficial bacteria; helps in bioremediation of 1, 3, 5 – TMB (trimethylebenzene) Cucumber SBANHCu12 10-2 KT020944
Xanthomonas axonopodis Plant pathogenic bacteria; causes bacterial pustule disease in soybean Cucumber SBANHCu14 10-2 KT020945
Pseudomonas stutzeri Opportunistic pathogen; causes community acquired pneumonia, meningitis, neonatal septicaemia and knee arthritis in children Cucumber,
Onion,
Onion,
Onion,
Onion,
Onion,
Tomato
SBANHCu20,
SBANHO3, SBANHO5, SBANHO8, SBANHO13, SBANHO14,
SBANHT4
10-3,
Crude, Crude,
10-2,
10-3,
10-3,
Crude
KT020949,
KJ923772, KJ923774, KJ923777, KJ923781, KJ923782,
KR186171
Achromobacter xylosoxidans Opportunistic pathogen; causes malignancies, cardiac disease, meningitis, urinary tract infections, abscesses, osteomyelitis, corneal ulcers, prosthetic valve endocarditis, peritonitis and pneumonia Cucumber,
Cucumber
SBANHCu21,
SBANSCu21
10-3,
10-4
KT020950,
KR259228
Arthrobacter protophormiae Opportunistic pathogen; present in human skin as commensals; widely distributed in pesticide contaminated agricultural fields Cucumber SBANHCu24a 10-4 KT020953
Pseudomonas indoloxydans Useful in biological synthesis of indigo, an important dye-stuff used in textile industries Cucumber SBANHCu25 10-4 KT020954
Aeromonas hydrophila Opportunistic pathogen; causes enteritis, wound infection, septicaemia, pneumonia and conjunctivitis Cucumber SBANHCu11 Crude KU564062
Geobacillus stearothermophilus Persists as contaminant in canned food; used as biological indicator for deactivation of pathogens Cucumber SBANSCu4 Crude KR259230
Staphylococcus haemolyticus Highly pathogenic; most frequently isolated from blood culture Cucumber SBANSCu7 Crude KR259231
Bacillus aerius Halophilic endophytic bacteria; plant growth promotion, phosphate solubilisation, bioremediation of salt affected soil Cucumber SBANSCu8 Crude KR259232
Bacillus megaterium Plant beneficial bacteria; helps in nitrogen fixation and promotes plant growth Cucumber,
Cucumber
SBANSCu9, SBANSCu11 Crude,
10-2
KR259220, KR259233,
Microbacterium arborescens Rhizosphere bacteria of sand dune plant Cucumber,
Cucumber,
Onion,
Tomato
SBANSCu10, SBANHCu12a,
SBANSO80,
SBANHT19
Crude,
10-2,
Crude,
10-4
KR259221, KR259222,
KR259235,
KR186182
Pseudomonas fluorescens Plant beneficial rhizobacteria; causes red skin disease with skin hemorrhage and ulceration Cucumber SBANSCu20 10-3 KR259227
Xanthomonas fuscans Plant pathogenic bacteria; infects rice, banana, citrus, bean, tomato, pepper, sugarcane and wheat Onion,
Tomato
SBANHO6,
SBANHT7
Crude,
Crude
KJ923775,
KR186172
Listeria monocytogenes Food borne pathogen; causes bacterial meningitis, multiple cerebral ring enhancing lesions Onion,
Tomato,
Tomato,
Tomato
SBANHO9,
SBANHT9 SBANHT14, SBANHT15
10-2,
Crude,
10-2,
10-2
KJ923778,
KR186174, KR186178, KR186179
Bacillus anthracis Obligate pathogen; causes anthrax: inhalation, gastrointestinal and cutaneous Onion,
Tomato,
Tomato
SBANHO11,
SBANHT10, SBANHT12
10-2,
Crude,
10-2
KJ923779,
KR186175, KR186176
Staphylococcus epidermidis Opportunistic pathogen; causes cardiovascular, CNS shunts, joints, blood stream infection and nosocomial infection Onion, SBANHO15, 10-3, KJ923783,
Exiguobacterium acetylicum Plant beneficial bacteria; in human it causes catheter related bacteraemia Tomato SBANHT13 10-2 KR186177
Staphylococcus gallinarum Rare human pathogen; causes abdominal pain, nausea and weakness Onion,
Tomato
SBANSO90,
SBANHT11
10-3,
10-2
KR259239,
KU564061
Enterococcus faecium Opportunistic pathogen; causes urinary tract, wound and soft tissue infections, bacteraemia, endocarditis Onion,
Tomato
SBANSO54,
SBANST3
Crude,
Crude
KR259234,
KR259241
Bacillus aryabhattai Plant growth promoting bacteria Onion,
Tomato,
Tomato
SBANSO83,
SBANST7, SBANST11
10-2,
Crude,
10-2
KR259238,
KR259240, KR259244
  1. a References of description are given in discussion section