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Table 3 Antibiotic resistance phenotype combination patterns of different Listeria species in cow and buffalo animals

From: Determination of virulence and antibiotic resistance pattern of biofilm producing Listeria species isolated from retail raw milk

Source of milk Listeria species Number of Listeria species Patterns of antibiotic combinations Number of combination patterns Number of antibiotics Number of antibiotic classes
Cow
  monocytogenes (serotypes 4a and 4c 2 cloxacillin/oxacillin/flumequine/neomycin/cefotaxime/cephalothin/chloramphenicol/lincomycin/clindamycin/trimethoprim-sulfamathoxazole 5 10/28 7
 innocua 1 cloxacillin/oxacillin/flumequine/pefloxacin/neomycin/cefotaxime/cephalothin/lincomycin/clindamycin/
chloramphenicol/tetracycline/erythromycin/bacitracin/trimethoprim-sulfamathoxazole
14/28 10
 welshemeri 3 cloxacillin/oxacillin/ofloxacin/flumequine/neomycin/cefotaxime/cephalothin/lincomycin/clindamycin/chloramphenicol/tetracycline/rifampicin/erythromycin/bacitracin 14/28 10
 seelegeri 2 cloxacillin/oxacillin/ofloxacin/cefotaxime/cephalothin/lincomycin/clindamycin/chloramphenicol/erythromycin 9/28 6
 grayi 1 cloxacillin/oxacillin/cefotaxime/cephalothin/lincomycin/clindamycin/chloramphenicol/erythromycin 8/28 6
Buffalo
  monocytogenes (serotype 1/2a) 1 cloxacillin/oxacillin/flumequine/neomycin/cefotaxime/cephalothin/lincomycin/clindamycin/chloramphenicol 5 9/28 6
 innocua 1 cloxacillin/oxacillin/pefloxacin/cefotaxime/cephalothin/lincomycin/clindamycin/chloramphenicol/erythromycin/bacitracin 10/28 7
 welshemeri 2 cloxacillin/oxacillin/cefotaxime/cephalothin/lincomycin/clindamycin/chloramphenicol/rifampicin/erythromycin/trimethoprim-sulfamathoxazole 10/28 7
 seelegeri 2 cloxacillin/oxacillin/cefotaxime/cephalothin/lincomycin/clindamycin/chloramphenicol/tetracycline/erythromycin 9/28 6
 grayi 2 cloxacillin/oxacillin/flumequine/neomycin/cefotaxime/cephalothin/lincomycin/clindamycin/chloramphenicol/tetracycline/erythromycin 11/28 8