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Table 3 Univariate analysis of risk factors for fecal colonization by CPE among ICU patients

From: Risk factors for fecal carriage of carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae among intensive care unit patients from a tertiary care center in India

RISK Factors Total Patients N = 100 P value Odds Ratio Confidence Interval
No of patients Patients with CPE (n = 26) (%) Patients without CPE (n = 74) (%)
Sex (Male) 58 17 (65.3) 41 (55.4) 0.37 1.52 0.600 3.849
Antibiotics use
 Carbapenems 14 7 (26.9) 7 (9.5) 0.027 3.528 1.1 11.304
 Cephalosporins 45 13 (50) 32 (43.2) 0.55 1.313 0.536 3.125
 Aminoglycosides 11 6 (23.1) 5 (6.8) 0.032 4.14 1.143 14.994
 Augmentin 5 1 (3.8) 4 (5.4) 0.75 0.700 0.075 6.565
 Fluoroqinolones 9 3 (11.5) 6 (8.1) 0.59 1.478 0.342 6.393
Interventions used
 Central venous line 35 12 (46.2) 23 (31.1) 0.16 1.901 0.761 4.744
 Ventilator 61 21 (80.8) 40 (54.1) 0.01 3.570 1.216 10.483
 Peripheral catheter 83 22 (84.6) 61 (82.4) 0.79 1.172 0.345 3.978
 Naso-gastric tube 43 15 (57.7) 28 (37.8) 0.07 2.240 0.903 5.559
 Oxygen Mask 21 6 (23.1) 15 (20.3) 0.7 1.180 0.403 3.454
Co-morbid conditions
 Surgery 15 7 (26.9) 8 (10.8) 0.048 3.039 0.976 9.461
 Chronic lung disease 20 2 (7.7) 18 (24.3) 0.06 0.259 0.056 1.206
 Neoplasia 7 1 (3.8) 6 (8.1) 0.4 0.453 0.052 3.955
Multivariate analysis
 Ventilator   0.027 0.291 0.097 0.871
 Aminoglycosides   0.046 0.257 0.068 0.975
  1. CPE carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae