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Table 2 Enzymatic profile of B. hyodysenteriae type strain (B78T) and six strains of B. suanatina

From: Brachyspira suanatina sp. nov., an enteropathogenic intestinal spirochaete isolated from pigs and mallards: genomic and phenotypic characteristics

Strain Brachyspira panel a api-ZYM enzyme activitiesb
Haem IS Hipp α-gal β-glu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
B78T s + + 0 4 3 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 4 1 1 5 2 4 4 0 0 0
AN4859/03 s + + 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 5 0 2 4 0 0 0
AN1681:1/04 s + + 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 4 0 2 3 0 0 0
AN2384/04 s + + 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 5 0 2 4 0 0 0
Dk12570-2 s + + 0 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 5 0 2 3 0 0 0
AN3949:2/02 s + + 0 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 5 0 2 3 0 0 0
AN1418:2/01 s + + 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 5 0 3 4 0 0 0
  1. a Brachyspira panel according to Fellström et al., 1999. Results according to Råsbäck et al., 2007. Haem = intensity of β-haemolysis; IS = indole spot test; Hipp = hippurate cleavage capacity; α-galactosidase; β-glucosidase; s = strong reaction; + = positive reaction, − = negative reaction
  2. bAPI-ZYM test: 1 control; 2 alkaline phosphatase; 3 C4 esterase; 4 C8 esterase lipase; 5 C14 lipase; 6 leucine arylamidase; 7 valine arylamidase; 8 cystine arylamidase; 9 trypsin; 10 chymotrypsin; 11 acid phosphatase; 12 naphtolphosphohydrolase; 13 α-galactosidase; 14 β-galactosidase; 15 β-glucoronidase; 16 α-glucosidase; 17 β-glucosidase; 18 N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase; 19 α-mannosidase; 20 α-fucosidase; values 0–5 assigned according to the manufacturer’s instruction 0 = negative reaction, 5 = maximum intensity