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Table 1 Odds ratios estimates of the presence of foodborne pathogens

From: Ingested Salmonella enterica, Cronobacter sakazakii, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes: transmission dynamics from adult house flies to their eggs and first filial (F1) generation adults

  Foodborne pathogen Bacterial levels in food Fly’s body part Odds ratio (95 % CL)
A) House fly eggs
   Medium vs. high 1.9 (0.5, 6.8)
   Medium vs. low 6.0 (1.7, 20.4)
   High vs. low 3.2 (1.1, 9.6)
  C. sakazakii vs. S. enterica   15.5 (2.9, 82.6)
  C. sakazakii vs. E. coli O157:H7   5.7 (1.0, 31.3)
  C. sakazakii vs. L. monocytogenes   3.0 (0.5, 16.4)
  L. monocytogenes vs. S. enterica   5.2 (1.5, 18.7)
  L. monocytogenes vs. E. coli O157:H7   1.9 (0.5, 7.2)
  E. coli O157:H7 vs. S. enterica   2.7 (0.8, 8.6)
B) F1 female adults
  S. enterica Medium vs. high 2.4 (1.7, 3.4)
    Surface vs. alimentary canal 2.4 (1.7, 3.4)
  C. sakazakii High vs. medium 2.2 (1.3, 3.5)
    Surface vs. alimentary canal 2.4 (1.5, 3.8)
  1. (A) house fly eggs and (B) first filial (F1) generation adults