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Table 5 The frequency distribution of patients according to risk factors associated with complications of pyogenic odontogenic infection (n = 130)

From: Characteristics of pyogenic odontogenic infection in patients attending Mulago Hospital, Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Variable Category Complications OR (95% CI)  
   Yes No   p value
Age groups ≤35 years 11 84 4.5 (1.8-11.4)  
  >35 years 13 22   0.001
Sex Female 11 51 1.10 (0.5-2.7)  
  Male 13 55   0.840
Trismus Yes 20 52 5.2 (1.7-16.2)  
  No 4 54   0.002
Spacesa Multiple 17 40 5.4 (1.8-15.7)  
  Single 5 63   0.001
Respiratory distress Yes 17 5 49.1 (14.0 – 172.5)  
  No 7 101   <0.001
Hospital admission Yes 17 7 34.3 (10.7-110.4)  
  No 7 99   <0.001
Bacterial culture Positive 14 65 1.1 (0.5-2.8)  
  Negative 10 41   0.787
Nature of infectionb Polymicrobial 3 5 0.3 (0.1-1.5)  
  Monomicrobial 11 60   0.145
Fever on presentation Yes 20 42 7.6 (2.4-23.9)  
  No 4 64   <0.001
Origin of the infectionc Mandible 20 65 3.1 (0.9-11.2)  
  Maxilla 3 30   0.076
HIV sero status Positive 8 27 0.7 (0.3-1.8)  
  Negative 16 79   0.433
  1. an = 125, bn = 79, nc = 118.