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Table 1 Antibiotic resistance of ‘ S. philanthi ’ isolates

From: Cultivation reveals physiological diversity among defensive ‘Streptomyces philanthi’ symbionts of beewolf digger wasps (Hymenoptera, Crabronidae)

Geographic origin Host species Strain   Antibiotics  
Aminoglucosides Beta-lactam Others
Sm Km Gm Amp PnG Tet Cm Rif
South America Trachypus elongatus elo 217 + - - - - - - -
  Trachypus flavidus fla 197 + - - - - - + -
Eurasia/Africa Philanthus triangulum tri 23Af2 - - - - - - - -
  Philanthus triangulum diadema trd 176-2 - - - - - - - -
Africa Philanthus histrio his 161 - - - - - - - -
  Philanthus loefflingi loe 163-1 - - - - - - - -
  Philanthus fuscipennis fus 137-1 + - - - - - - -
North America Philanthus albopilosus alb 539-2 + - - + - - + -
  Philanthus barbiger bar 543-1 + + + + + - - -
  Philanthus bicinctus bic 628-2 + - - + + - + −/+
  Philanthus bilunatus bil 473-1 + - - + - - + -
  Philanthus crabroniformis cra 626-1 + - - - - - + -
  Philanthus gibbosus gib 464-1 + + + - - - + -
  Philanthus multimaculatus mul 415-1 + + + + - −/+ + −/+
  Philanthus pacificus pac 380-2 + - - - - - + -
  Philanthus parkeri par 586-1 + + + + + - + -
  Philanthus politus pol 510-1 + + - + - - + -
  Philanthus psyche psy 534-1 + - - + + −/+ - -
  Philanthus pulcher pul 394-1 + + - - - - + -
  Philanthus ventilabris ven 580-1 - - - + - - - -
  Philanthus zebratus zeb 627-1 + + + + + - + -
Eurasia/Africa Philanthinus quattuordecimpunctatus qua 16-1 + - - + + - + -
  1. (+) indicates antibiotic resistance, (−) indicates antibiotic sensitivity.
  2. (Sm) Streptomycin; (Km) Kanamycin; (Gm) Gentamycin; (Amp) Ampicillin; (PnG) Penicillin G; (Tet) Tetracycline; (Cm) Chloramphenicol; (Rif) Rifampicin.