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Table 3 Antimicrobial-resistance and virulence-markers investigated in each Enterococcus isolate on sites located in the up-to-down-gradient landscape

From: Enterococci in river Ganga surface waters: Propensity of species distribution, dissemination of antimicrobial-resistance and virulence-markers among species along landscape

Sampling site No. of samples analyzed for antimicrobial susceptibility or virulence-marker/s (%) Antimicrobial-resistance (AR) and Virulence-markers (VM) characterized per isolate
[Median (Range)]a
p-Valueb
site 1 6 (7.14) AR: 5 (3 – 6) 0.0156*
   VM: 2 (1 – 3) 0.0156*
site 2 17 (20.24) AR: 5 (4 – 5) 0.0001*
   VM: 2 (1 – 2) 0.0002*
site 3 19 (22.62) AR: 7 (5 – 7) < 0.0001*
   VM: 1 (1 – 4) < 0.0001*
site 4 18 (21.43) AR: 5 (5 – 6) 0.0001*
   VM: 2 (1 – 2) < 0.0001*
site 5 24 (28.57) AR: 5 (5 – 6) < 0.0001*
   VM: 2 (2 – 3) < 0.0001*
  1. aMedian and range are reported to match more consistently with the nonparametric statistical tests performed.
  2. ap-Value was calculated using Wilcoxon rank sum test. *Statistically significant at alpha = 0.05.