Cytokine profiles of supernatants obtained from IFN-γ and LPS stimulated monocytes cultured in presence or absence of CA-SIIF. 1 × 106/ml human monocytes were grown in the absence or presence of CA-SIIF with IFN-γ and LPS for 40 h, their supernatants were collected, and the cytokines present in these supernatants were measured using the preprinted human cytokine antibody arrays 5 (Ray Biotech, Inc.). (A) differentially expressed cytokines/chemokines with P value less than 0.05 (n = 3). (B) representative images of cytokine array membranes. (C) cytokine map of the membrane used, showing location of cytokines on the membrane.