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Table 2 Description of the M. tuberculosis clusters found in Venezuela.

From: Molecular characterisation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in the First National Survey of Anti-tuberculosis Drug Resistance from Venezuela

1SIT Spoligotyping patterns -Binary description 2n % 3Clade 4C-1
17 122 21.94 LAM-2 Ubiquitous
42 86 15.47 LAM-9 Ubiquitous
93 70 12.59 LAM-5 Ubiquitous
53 26 4.6S T-1 Ubiquitous
20 26 4.63 LAM-1 Ubiquitous
605 18 3.24 U Loc (VEN/USA)
1691 14 2.52 LAM-2 Endemic (VEN)
60 13 2.39 LAM-4 Ubiquitous
905 10 1.60 U Loc (VEN-USA-ARG)
118 9 1.61 T-2 Ubiquitous
50 9 1.61 H-3 Ubiquitous
51 8 1.43 T-1 Ubiquitous
333 7 1.25 LAM-5 Loc (GUP-GUF-HTI-VEN)
960 5 0.90 U Loc (VEN-USA)
34 5 0.90 S Ubiquitous
194 5 0.90 LAM-4 Loc (USA-BRA-MEX-VEN)
1696 5 0.90 LAM-5 Endemic (VEN)
47 5 0.90 H-1 Ubiquitous
130 4 0.71 LAM-3 Ubiquitous
150 4 0.71 LAM-9 Ubiquitous
397 4 0.71 U Loc (ITA-BRA-ARG-USA-VEN)
1692 4 0.71 U Endemic (VEN)
1700 4 0.71 T-1 Endemic (VEN)
33 3 0.54 LAM-3 Ubiquitous
44 3 0.54 T-4 Ubiquitous
58 3 0.54 T-5 Ubiquitous
64 3 0.54 LAM-6 Ubiquitous
162 3 0.54 U Loc (ARG-VEN-USA-FIN-FXX-ITA)
376 3 0.54 LAM-3 Loc (VEN-USA)
578 3 0.54 LAM-9 Loc (USA-VEN)
1698 3 0.54 U Endemic (VEN)
1701 3 0.54 LAM-9 Endemic (VEN)
1702 3 0.54 LAM-5 Endemic (VEN)
1705 3 0.54 T-1 Endemic (VEN)
1713 3 0.54 LAM-1 Endemic (VEN)
1718 3 0.54 LAM-9 Endemic (VEN)
52 2 0.36 T-2 Ubiquitous
62 2 0.36 H-1 Ubiquitous
71 2 0.36 S Ubiquitous
106 2 0.36 U Loc (CUB-ECU-M EX-USA-VEN)
132 2 0.36 U Loc (ESP-AUS-BRA-VEN)
167 2 0.36 T Ubiquitous
178 2 0.36 LAM-4 Loc (CUB-SEN-VEN)
196 2 0.36 T-1 Ubiquitous
388 2 0.36 LAM-9 Ubiquitous
389 2 0.36 LAM-1 Loc (BRA-PRT-FIN-VEN)
430 2 0.36 T-4 Loc (USA-VEN)
1166 2 0.36 T-1 Ubiquitous (MWI-USA-VEN)
1661 2 0.36 LAM-2 Loc (VEN-BRA)
1693 2 0.36 LAM-5 Endemic (VEN)
1699 2 0.36 LAM-9 Endemic (VEN)
1703 2 0.36 LAM-9 Endemic (VEN)
1704 2 0.36 LAM-5 Endemic (VEN)
1707 2 0.36 T-1 Endemic (VEN)
1711 2 0.36 LAM-2 Endemic (VEN)
1714 2 0.36 LAM-9 Endemic (VEN)
1715 2 0.36 LAM-4 Endemic (VEN)
1716 2 0.36 T-3 Endemic (VEN)
1719 2 0.36 LAM-2 Endemic (VEN)
1694 1 0.18 LAM-5 Loc (VEN-USA)-Cluster inter-region
1695 1 0.18 LAM-2 Loc (VEN-BRA)-Cluster inter-region
1697 1 0.18 LAM-9 Loc (VEN-FXX)-Cluster inter-region
1706 1 0.18 LAM-9 Loc (VEN-USA)-Cluster inter-region
1708 1 0.18 LAM-9 Loc (VEN-LVA)-Cluster inter-region
1709 1 0.18 LAM-5 Loc (VEN-USA)-Cluster inter-region
1710 1 0.18 LAM-4 Loc (VEN-NLD)-CIuster inter-region
1717 1 0.18 X-1 Loc (VEN-AUS)-Cluster inter-region
Total   556 100   
  1. 1SIT, designation of the spoligotype in the international database [19]. 2n: Number of strains. 3Clade: defined mainly as described [20, 21] LAM: Latin American and Mediterranean, H: Haarlem, T (ill-defined T clade), S: S clade, X: X clade, U: Undesignated. 4C-1: qualifier that tentatively defines an SIT as Endemic, Loc: localized or ubiquitous, as defined in Filliol et al. [20]. Geographic distribution: VEN: Venezuela, USA: United States of America, BRA: Brazil, GUP: Guadeloupe, GUF: French Guiana, HTI: Haiti, ESP: Spain, ECU: Ecuador, ARG: Argentina, CUB: Cuba, MEX: Mexico, SEN: Senegal, PRT: Portugal, FIN: Finland, ITA: Italy, MWI: Malawi, FXX: Metropolitan France, LVA: Latvia, NLD: The Netherlands, AUS: Australia.