Derivatives of Yersinia pestis KIM8-3002 (KIM5 pPCP1-minus, Smr) were grown in a chemically defined medium at 26°C for 2 h in the presence (lanes 1, 3, and 5) or absence of calcium (lanes 2, 4, and 6). Lanes 1 and 2 contain Y. pestis KIM8-3002. Lanes 3 and 4 contain Y. pestis KIM8-3002 ΔyscF expressing YscF from pBAD18-YscF. Lanes 5 and 6 contain Y. pestis KIM8-3002 ΔyscF gene. After the 2 h growth, the culture was shifted to 37°C to induce expression of the Ysc type III secretion system and the Low Calcium Response. Following 4 h of growth at 37°C cultures, were centrifuged to obtain whole cell fractions and cell-free culture supernatant fractions. Total proteins from each fraction were precipitated with 10% trichloro acetic acid. Dried proteins were resuspended in SDS-PAGE sample buffer and electrophoresed in a 15% SDS-PAGE gel. Proteins were then transferred to a PVDF membrane and immuno-blotted with pooled mouse serum used at a 1:20,000 dilution. Mouse serum was obtained by bleeding mice subsequent to immunization with HT-YscF, serum from several mice was pooled to control for animal specific variation. The position and sizes for the molecular weight markers are indicated and the position of YscF is shown.