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Table 2 Rickettsial isolates included in the study

From: Proposal to create subspecies of Rickettsia conorii based on multi-locus sequence typing and an emended description of Rickettsia conorii

Strain (ATCC number) Original source Geographical origin Human disease Passage history* Strain provided by Reference
R. conorii       
Moroccan (VR-141) Unknown Morocco Mediterranean spotted fever 118 ATCC [49]
Malish (VR-613) Unknown South Africa Mediterranean spotted fever 67 ATCC Gear
Kenya Haemaphysalis leachii Kenya Kenya tick typhus 17 G. Dasch ¶ [49]
M1 Rhipicephalus sanguineus Georgia, former Soviet Union   12 Gamaleya Institute, Moscow [50]
Zim 1 Rhipicephalus simus Zimbabwe   10 P.J. Kelly ** [10]
Zim C Haemaphysalis leachii Zimbabwe   8 P.J. Kelly ** [51]
URRCSpain3 Human Spain Mediterranean spotted fever 20   PS ‡
16-B Human Spain Mediterranean spotted fever 20 [52]
Spain96 Human Spain Mediterranean spotted fever 5 N. Cardenosa ¶¶ [53]
Portugal454 Human Portugal Mediterranean spotted fever 4 F. Bacellar † † PS ‡
Portugal821 Human Portugal Mediterranean spotted fever 4 F. Bacellar † † PS ‡
Portugal162 Human Portugal Mediterranean spotted fever 4 F. Bacellar † † PS ‡
Portugal5 Human Portugal Mediterranean spotted fever 4   PS ‡
URRCFrance1 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFrance2 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceFEe4 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceFEe5 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceFEe6 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceE7 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceFEe8 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceF9 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFrance10 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceFE11 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceFE17 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCAlgeria18 Human Algeria Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceFEe25 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCTunisia28 Human Tunisia Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCCroatia29 Human Croatia Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceFEe31 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
URRCFranceFEe32 Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 4 PS ‡
AH Human France Mediterranean spotted fever 7 PS ‡
Indian tick typhus rickettsia
Indian (VR-597) Rhipicephalus sanguineus India Indian tick typhus 20 ATCC [12]
Astrakhan fever rickettsia
A-167 Rhipicephalus pumilio Astrakhan region, former Soviet Union Astrakhan fever 15 [19]
Chad Human Chad Unnamed spotted fever 4 [31]
Israeli spotted fever rickettsia
ISTT CDC1 Rhipicephalus sanguineus Israel Israeli spotted fever 35 G. Dasch ¶ [14]
P426 Human Portugal Unnamed spotted fever 6 F. Bacellar † † [33]
  1. * The passage history refers to the number of passages of the strain on Vero cells (ATCC CRL-1587)
  2. ¶ Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA, U.S.A.
  3. † Isolated in our laboratory
  4. ‡ PS = present study
  5. ** Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
  6. ¶¶Programa Asistencial de Malalties Infeccioses I Seccio de Microbiologia, Corporacio Sanitaria Parc Tauli, Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain
  7. † † Centro de Estudos de Vectores e Doenças Infecciosas, Instituto Nacional de Saúde Dr. Ricardo Jorge, Aguas de Moura, Portugal