Effects of S. lividans adpA mutation on expression of selected genes. a. Growth curve of wild-type S. lividans (dashed line) and adpA mutant (solid line) in YEME liquid medium at 30°C with shaking at 200 rpm as followed by measuring absorbance at 450 nm. A, B, C, D and T indicate the time points when cultures were harvested for RNA extraction. Microarray experiments were performed on RNA samples extracted at time T. b. Change in gene expression S. lividans adpA mutant compared to the wild-type at each time point of growth. RNA was extracted from S. lividans wild-type 1326 and adpA mutant cells cultivated in liquid YEME medium after various times of growth (OD450nm of 0.3, 0.8, 1.5, 1.9 and 2.3, respectively, at time points A, B, C, D and T). Relative amounts of SLI0755, SLI6586, hyaS, cchA, cchB, ramR PCR product were measured by qRT-PCR. At each time point of growth, gene expression levels were normalized using hrdB as an internal reference and are indicated in this figure as the n-fold change in adpA mutant compared to the wild type. Results are expressed as means and standard deviations of at least three replicates. Data are representative of at least two independent experiments for each strain at each growth time. Note that a different scale is used for hyaS.