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Table 3 Distribution of PMQR genes in ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates (n = 262) of human and animal origin

From: Multiresistant extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae from humans, companion animals and horses in central Hesse, Germany

  % of PMQR genes (no. of isolates)
Source No. of isolatesb qnrA qnrB qnrC qnrD qnrS qepA aac(6’)-Ib-cr
Human         
Outpatients 42      4.8 (2)   19 (8)
Inpatients 98   3.1 (3)    3.1 (3)   31.6 (31)
Total 140   2.1 (3)    3.6 (5)   27.9 (39)
Animal         
Dogs 63 1.6 (1) 7.9 (5)   4.8 (3) 1.6 (1)   49.2 (31)
Cats 10 20 (2) 20 (2)      40 (4)
Horses 49     10.2 (5) 8.2 (4)   20.4 (10)
Total 122 2.5 (3) 5.7 (7)   6.6 (8) 4.1 (5)   36.9 (45)
Total no. of isolates 262 1.1 (3) 3.8 (10)   3.1 (8) 3.8 (10)   32.1 (84)
  1. bsome isolates encoded for more than one PMQR gene.