Model of H. pylori strain dynamics in Latin America hosts. The different color of the bacteria (green and orange) represents the MLS profile and the cognate restriction profile of H. pylori strains. Ancestral strains from Europe and Latin America Amerindians share common genetic signature, both MLS [1, 2] and cognate restriction profile (as shown in our results). In colonial times where European and Amerindians mixed, we hypothesize that the new generation will acquire H. pylori from both parents. Within a single host (mestizos) allelic competition will occurs among strains and hpEurope DNA take over hspAmerind strains promoting its Europeanization (demonstrated in our co-culture results) and mosaic genetic structure.