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Table 3 Effect of salt stress on the growth of cucumber plants with or without endophyte inoculation

From: Endophytic fungal association via gibberellins and indole acetic acid can improve plant growth under abiotic stress: an example of Paecilomyces formosus LHL10

Growth attributes/salt stress 0 mM 60 mM 120 mM
  Control P. formosus Control P. formosus Control P. formosus
Chlorophyll content (SPAD) 27.3 ± 0.18b 29.1 ± 0.12a 28.0 ± 0.24b 36.5 ± 0.25a 24.3 ± 0.26b 37.1 ± 0.14a
Shoot fresh weight (g) 14.9 ± 0.33b 17.4 ± 0.15a 16.3 ± 0.29b 17.3 ± 0.16a 13.4 ± 0.35b 15.0 ± 0.41a
Shoot dry weight (g) 2.7 ± 0.07b 3.1 ± 0.08a 1.3 ± 0.01b 1.7 ± 0.02a 1.1 ± 0.01b 1.5 ± 0.09a
Leaf area (cm2) 58.6 ± 0.61b 62.1 ± 0.43a 48.9 ± 0.42b 52.4 ± 0.66a 40.9 ± 0.67b 43.1 ± 0.12a
Photosynthesis rate (μmolm-2s-1) 1.4 ± 0.05b 1.7 ± 0.02a 1.1 ± 0.03b 1.5 ± 0.04a 1.0 ± 0.06b 1.2 ± 0.03a
Stomatal conductance (molm-2s-1) 1.5 ± 0.02b 2.9 ± 0.01a 1.7 ± 0.06b 2.0 ± 0.03a 2.1 ± 0.02b 2.5 ± 0.08a
Transpiration rate (mMm-2s-1) 0.07 ± 0.01b 0.12 ± 0.01a 0.06 ± 0.01b 0.16 ± 0.01a 0.02 ± 0.01b 0.18 ± 0.01a
  1. 0 mM means only distilled water applied plants while 60 and 120 mM is the NaCl concentrations applied to the cucumber plants. SPAD = Soil plant analysis development. In each row, different letter indicates significant (P < 0.05) differences between P. formosus inoculated plants with non-inoculated control plant as evaluated by DMRT. Values in the table refer to mean ± SD (n = 18).