PCR-DGGE analysis with universal primers for bacteria. Analysis was conducted on the vaginal samples collected at 33rd (W33) and 37th (W37) week of gestation from 15 women supplemented with the probiotic VSL#3 [(P) N. 1–15] and 12 control women [(C) N. 16–27]. N: woman number; W: week of gestation; T: type of supplementation. (A) PCR-DGGE fingerprints. M, external reference marker. (B) Dendrogram of the DGGE profiles shown in panel A. Pearson correlation was used to calculate the similarity in DGGE profiles.