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Table 4 Median values and ranges of the relative concentration (‰) of organic compounds of faecal and urine samples from treated celiac disease (T-CD) children and non-celiac children (HC) as determined by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy analysis

From: Duodenal and faecal microbiota of celiac children: molecular, phenotype and metabolome characterization

Chemical class Treated celiac disease (T-CD) children Non-celiac children (HC)
  Median Range Median Range
Faeces
Tryptophane 1.13a 0.29 - 1.38 0.68b 0.19 - 1.33
Proline 2.74a 0 - 19.68 1.87b 0.71 - 6.47
Trimethylamine-N-ox 3.36a 1.16 - 11.60 1.82b 0.46 - 10.94
Histidine 5.56a 3.05 - 19.95 2.89b 0.93 - 11.03
Asparagine 2.01a 1.02 - 2.75 1.21b 0.51 - 2.17
Tyramine 2.81a 1.34 - 3.21 1.88b 0.74 - 7.87
Methionine 1.78a 0.99 - 3.30 1.50a 0.64 - 2.06
Urines
Carnosine 0.28b 0.12 - 0.48 0.43a 0.22 - 1.37
Glucose 14.66b 4.80 - 31.00 19.76a 15.33 - 53.73
Creatinine 38.51a 15.83 - 83.23 21.31b 10.40 - 61.80
Methylamine 1.45a 0.80 - 7.72 0.93b 0.32 - 2.36
Glutamine 4.05b 1.72 - 8.03 5.65a 3.14 - 8.55
Lysine-Arginine 8.96a 4.07 - 25.72 7.10b 5.59 - 11.08
Ornithine 1.87a 0.09 - 23.40 1.17a 1.03 - 2.08
3-Methyl-2-oxobutanoic acid 1.84b 1.12 - 2.60 2.35a 1.63 - 2.78
  1. Data are the means of three independent experiments (n = 3) for each children.
  2. a-bMeans within a row with different superscript letters are significantly different (P < 0.05).