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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of Singapore (n = 42) and Indonesia (n = 32) children

From: Evaluation of stool microbiota signatures in two cohorts of Asian (Singapore and Indonesia) newborns at risk of atopy

  Indonesia
(n = 32)
Singapore
(n = 42)
p value
Gender (%)    
Male 22 (68.75) 24 (57.1) 0.308
Female 10 (31.25) 18 (42.9)  
Mode of Delivery (%)    
Vaginal delivery 16 (50) 32 (76.2) 0.019*
Lower Segment caesarean section 16 (50) 10 (23.8)  
Feeding history from birth to month 6 (%)   
Total breastfeeding 6 (18.75) 0 (0) 0.005*
Breastfeeding and formula feeding 26 (81.25) 36 (85.71) 0.606
Total formula feeding 0(0) 6 (14.29) 0.033*
Eczema (%)    
Yes 6 (18.75) 13 (31) 0.234
Antibiotics (%)    
Prenatal (Yes) 5 (15.6) 0 (0) 0.013*
Postnatal (Yes) 8(25.0) 16 (38.1) 0.233
Age at weaning (months)    
Mean (SD) 6.73 (1.892) 5.63 (0.773) 0.007*
Median (Range) 6 (3-11) 6 (4-7)  
Number of siblings    
Mean (SD) 0.78 (1.039) 1.24 (1.34) 0.113
Median (Range) 0 (0-4) 1 (0-6)  
  1. * Statistically significant differences are indicated (p < 0.05)