Overview of the glycolysis, phosphoketolase pathway and nucleoside catabolic pathway affected by the change of carbon source from glucose to ribose in three L. sakei strains in this study. Genes which expression is up- or down-regulated are indicated with upward and downward pointing arrows, respectively, and are listed in Table 1. Black arrows indicate regulation in all three strains, and grey arrows indicate regulation in one or two strains. Schematic representation of CcpA-mediated CCR pathway is shown in the upper right corner. EII, enzyme II of the phosphotransferase system (PTS); EI, enzyme I, HPr, Histidine-containing protein; T, transport protein; P, phosphate; HPrK/P, HPr kinase/phosphatase; G6P, glucose-6-phosphate; F6P; fructose-6-phosphate; FBP, fructose-1,6-bisphosphate; G3P, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate; DHAP, dihydroxyacetone phosphate; Gly3P, glycerol-3-phosphate; X5P, xylulose-5-phosphate; 1,3PG, 1,3-phosphoglycerate; 3PG, 3-phosphoglycerate; 2PG, 2-phosphoglycerate; PEP, phosphoenolepyruvate; glk, glucokinase; pgi, phosphoglucoisomerase; fbp, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase; tpi, triose-phosphate isomerase; gap, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; pgk, phosphoglycerate kinase; eno, enolase; rpi, ribose-5-phosphate isomerase; rpe, ribulose-phosphate 3-epimerase.