Schematic description of the scarless gene modification approach. The first-step of homologous recombination would substitute the genomic target gene X for the PCR-amplified sacB-bla cassette flanked by the A and B homology regions. The transformants were screened on LB plates containing Carb (500 μg/ml) and Tet (50 μg/ml). The second-step of recombination would replace the sacB-bla cassette with PCR-amplified fragments flanked by the AB and C homology regions. As a result, strain with deleted gene X and without any remnant on chromosome DNA would be obtained. The transformants of this step were selected on LB plates containing 10% sucrose.