Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

Section edited by David Nelson

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

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  1. Research article

    Uropathogenic Escherichia coli pathogenicity islands and other ExPEC virulence genes may contribute to the genome variability of enteroinvasive E. coli

    Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) may be the causative agent of part of those million cases of diarrhea illness reported worldwide every year and attributable to Shigella. That is because both enteropathogen...

    Laís Cristina da Silva, Ana Carolina de Mello Santos and Rosa Maria Silva

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:68

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Oral microbe-host interactions: influence of β-glucans on gene expression of inflammatory cytokines and metabolome profile

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of β-glucan on the expression of inflammatory mediators and metabolomic profile of oral cells [keratinocytes (OBA-9) and fibroblasts (HGF-1) in a dual-chamber ...

    Viviam de Oliveira Silva, Luciano José Pereira and Ramiro Mendonça Murata

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:53

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Genetic profiling for Anaplasma and Ehrlichia species in ticks collected in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

    Anaplasma and Ehrlichia are emerging tick-borne pathogens that cause anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis in humans and other animals worldwide. Infections caused by these pathogens are deadl...

    Benson C. Iweriebor, Elia J. Mmbaga, Abiodun Adegborioye, Aboi Igwaran, Larry C. Obi and Anthony I. Okoh

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:45

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Porphyromonas gingivalis can invade periodontal ligament stem cells

    Porphyromonas gingivalis is strongly associated with the development, progression, severity and recurrence of periodontitis. Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) play an important ...

    Chunling Pan, Junchao Liu, Hongyan Wang, Jia Song, Lisi Tan and Haijiao Zhao

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:38

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  5. Researc article

    Bacterial microbiota of Kazakhstan cheese revealed by single molecule real time (SMRT) sequencing and its comparison with Belgian, Kalmykian and Italian artisanal cheeses

    In Kazakhstan, traditional artisanal cheeses have a long history and are widely consumed. The unique characteristics of local artisanal cheeses are almost completely preserved. However, their microbial communi...

    Jing Li, Yi Zheng, Haiyan Xu, Xiaoxia Xi, Qiangchuan Hou, Shuzhen Feng, Laga Wuri, Yanfei Bian, Zhongjie Yu, Lai-Yu Kwok, Zhihong Sun and Tiansong Sun

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:13

    Published on: 9 January 2017

  6. Research article

    Staphylococcal enterotoxin B administration in pregnant rats alters the splenic lymphocyte response in adult offspring rats

    Our previous study suggested that SEB exposure in pregnant rats could lead to the change of T cells subpopulation in both peripheral blood and thymus of the offspring rats. However, rarely is known about the i...

    Ping Zhou, Xin-sheng Zhang, Zhi-ben Xu, Shu-xian Gao, Qing-wei Zheng, Ming-zhu Xu, Lin Shen, Feng Yu and Jun-chang Guan

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:1

    Published on: 3 January 2017

  7. Research article

    Acanthamoeba containing endosymbiotic chlamydia isolated from hospital environments and its potential role in inflammatory exacerbation

    Environmental chlamydiae belonging to the Parachlamydiaceae are obligate intracellular bacteria that infect Acanthamoeba, a free-living amoeba, and are a risk for hospital-acquired pneumonia. However, whether amo...

    Tatsuya Fukumoto, Junji Matsuo, Torahiko Okubo, Shinji Nakamura, Kentaro Miyamoto, Kentaro Oka, Motomichi Takahashi, Kouji Akizawa, Hitoshi Shibuya, Chikara Shimizu and Hiroyuki Yamaguchi

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:292

    Published on: 15 December 2016

  8. Research article

    In vitro rescue of genital strains of Chlamydia trachomatis from interferon-γ and tryptophan depletion with indole-positive, but not indole-negative Prevotella spp.

    The natural course of sexually transmitted infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis varies between individuals. In addition to parasite and host effects, the vaginal microbiota might play a key role in the outc...

    Noa Ziklo, Wilhelmina M. Huston, Kuong Taing, Mohammad Katouli and Peter Timms

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:286

    Published on: 3 December 2016

  9. Research article

    Burkholderia pseudomallei-derived miR-3473 enhances NF-κB via targeting TRAF3 and is associated with different inflammatory responses compared to Burkholderia thailandensis in murine macrophages

    Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) is the causative agent of melioidosis, a kind of tropical disease. Burkholderia thailandensis (Bt), with a high sequence similarity to Bp, is thought to ...

    Yao Fang, Hai Chen, Yi Hu, Qian Li, Zhiqiang Hu, Tengfei Ma and Xuhu Mao

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:283

    Published on: 28 November 2016

  10. Research article

    Identification of Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis secreted proteins using an in vitro system mimicking the phagosomal environment

    Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis is a common intracellular pathogen that infects patients with HIV/AIDS and cause lung infection in patients with underlying lung pathology. M.avi...

    Jessica J. Chinison, Lia Danelishvili, Rashmi Gupta, Sasha J. Rose, Lmar M. Babrak and Luiz E. Bermudez

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:270

    Published on: 9 November 2016

  11. Research article

    OxyR-regulated catalase CatB promotes the virulence in rice via detoxifying hydrogen peroxide in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae

    To facilitate infection, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the bacterial blight pathogen of rice, needs to degrade hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generated by the host defense response via a mechanism that is mediat...

    Chao Yu, Nu Wang, Maosen Wu, Fang Tian, Huamin Chen, Fenghuan Yang, Xiaochen Yuan, Ching-Hong Yang and Chenyang He

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:269

    Published on: 8 November 2016

  12. Research article

    The highly variable microbiota associated to intestinal mucosa correlates with growth and hypoxia resistance of sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, submitted to different nutritional histories

    The better understanding of how intestinal microbiota interacts with fish health is one of the key to sustainable aquaculture development. The present experiment aimed at correlating active microbiota associat...

    François-Joël Gatesoupe, Christine Huelvan, Nicolas Le Bayon, Hervé Le Delliou, Lauriane Madec, Olivier Mouchel, Patrick Quazuguel, David Mazurais and José-Luis Zambonino-Infante

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:266

    Published on: 8 November 2016

  13. Research article

    Prevalence, characteristics and correlates of enteric pathogenic protozoa in drinking water sources in Molyko and Bomaka, Cameroon: a cross-sectional study

    Access to potable water remains a major challenge particularly in resource-limited settings. Although the potential contaminants of water are varied, enteric pathogenic protozoa are known to cause waterborne d...

    Fuh Anold Nsoh, Buh Amos Wung, Julius Atashili, Pokam Thumamo Benjamin, Eba Marvlyn, Keumami Katte Ivo and Assob Jules Clément Nguedia

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:268

    Published on: 8 November 2016

  14. Research article

    N-acetyl-cysteine exhibits potent anti-mycobacterial activity in addition to its known anti-oxidative functions

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is thought to induce oxidative stress. N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) is widely used in patients with chronic pulmonary diseases including tuberculosis du...

    Eduardo P. Amaral, Elisabete L. Conceição, Diego L. Costa, Michael S. Rocha, Jamocyr M. Marinho, Marcelo Cordeiro-Santos, Maria Regina D’Império-Lima, Theolis Barbosa, Alan Sher and Bruno B. Andrade

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:251

    Published on: 28 October 2016

  15. Research article

    Characterization of Lactobacillus salivarius strains B37 and B60 capable of inhibiting IL-8 production in Helicobacter pylori-stimulated gastric epithelial cells

    Interleukin (IL)-8 is the key agent for initiating an inflammatory response to infection with Helicobacter pylori. Some strains of Lactobacillus spp. are known to colonize the stomach and suppress inflammation ca...

    Wimonrat Panpetch, Jennifer K. Spinler, James Versalovic and Somying Tumwasorn

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:242

    Published on: 18 October 2016

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