Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

Section edited by David Nelson

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

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  1. Research article

    DFI-seq identification of environment-specific gene expression in uropathogenic Escherichia coli

    During infection of the urinary tract, uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are exposed to different environments, such as human urine and the intracellular environments of bladder epithelial cells. Each environ...

    Michelle Madelung, Tina Kronborg, Thomas Koed Doktor, Carsten Struve, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt and Jakob Møller-Jensen

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:99

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Localization of Staphylococcus aureus in tissue from the nasal vestibule in healthy carriers

    Colonization of the body is an important step in Staphylococcus aureus infection. S. aureus colonizes skin and mucous membranes in humans and several animal species. One important ecological niche of S. aureus is...

    Anne-Merethe Hanssen, Bert Kindlund, Niels Christian Stenklev, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Silje Fismen, Renate Slind Olsen, Mona Johannessen and Johanna Ulrica Ericson Sollid

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:89

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Supplemental invasion of Salmonella from the perspective of Salmonella enterica serovars Kentucky and Typhimurium

    Critical to the development of Salmonellosis in humans is the interaction of the bacterium with the epithelial lining of the gastrointestinal tract. Traditional scientific reasoning held type III secretion sys...

    Kevin Howe, Sanaz Salehi, R. Hartford Bailey, John P. Brooks, Robert Wills, Mark L. Lawrence and Attila Karsi

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:88

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Uropathogenic Escherichia coli pathogenicity islands and other ExPEC virulence genes may contribute to the genome variability of enteroinvasive E. coli

    Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) may be the causative agent of part of those million cases of diarrhea illness reported worldwide every year and attributable to Shigella. That is because both enteropathogen...

    Laís Cristina da Silva, Ana Carolina de Mello Santos and Rosa Maria Silva

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:68

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  5. Research article

    Oral microbe-host interactions: influence of β-glucans on gene expression of inflammatory cytokines and metabolome profile

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of β-glucan on the expression of inflammatory mediators and metabolomic profile of oral cells [keratinocytes (OBA-9) and fibroblasts (HGF-1) in a dual-chamber ...

    Viviam de Oliveira Silva, Luciano José Pereira and Ramiro Mendonça Murata

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:53

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Genetic profiling for Anaplasma and Ehrlichia species in ticks collected in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

    Anaplasma and Ehrlichia are emerging tick-borne pathogens that cause anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis in humans and other animals worldwide. Infections caused by these pathogens are deadl...

    Benson C. Iweriebor, Elia J. Mmbaga, Abiodun Adegborioye, Aboi Igwaran, Larry C. Obi and Anthony I. Okoh

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:45

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Porphyromonas gingivalis can invade periodontal ligament stem cells

    Porphyromonas gingivalis is strongly associated with the development, progression, severity and recurrence of periodontitis. Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) play an important ...

    Chunling Pan, Junchao Liu, Hongyan Wang, Jia Song, Lisi Tan and Haijiao Zhao

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:38

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  8. Researc article

    Bacterial microbiota of Kazakhstan cheese revealed by single molecule real time (SMRT) sequencing and its comparison with Belgian, Kalmykian and Italian artisanal cheeses

    In Kazakhstan, traditional artisanal cheeses have a long history and are widely consumed. The unique characteristics of local artisanal cheeses are almost completely preserved. However, their microbial communi...

    Jing Li, Yi Zheng, Haiyan Xu, Xiaoxia Xi, Qiangchuan Hou, Shuzhen Feng, Laga Wuri, Yanfei Bian, Zhongjie Yu, Lai-Yu Kwok, Zhihong Sun and Tiansong Sun

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:13

    Published on: 9 January 2017

  9. Research article

    Staphylococcal enterotoxin B administration in pregnant rats alters the splenic lymphocyte response in adult offspring rats

    Our previous study suggested that SEB exposure in pregnant rats could lead to the change of T cells subpopulation in both peripheral blood and thymus of the offspring rats. However, rarely is known about the i...

    Ping Zhou, Xin-sheng Zhang, Zhi-ben Xu, Shu-xian Gao, Qing-wei Zheng, Ming-zhu Xu, Lin Shen, Feng Yu and Jun-chang Guan

    BMC Microbiology 2017 17:1

    Published on: 3 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Acanthamoeba containing endosymbiotic chlamydia isolated from hospital environments and its potential role in inflammatory exacerbation

    Environmental chlamydiae belonging to the Parachlamydiaceae are obligate intracellular bacteria that infect Acanthamoeba, a free-living amoeba, and are a risk for hospital-acquired pneumonia. However, whether amo...

    Tatsuya Fukumoto, Junji Matsuo, Torahiko Okubo, Shinji Nakamura, Kentaro Miyamoto, Kentaro Oka, Motomichi Takahashi, Kouji Akizawa, Hitoshi Shibuya, Chikara Shimizu and Hiroyuki Yamaguchi

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:292

    Published on: 15 December 2016

  11. Research article

    In vitro rescue of genital strains of Chlamydia trachomatis from interferon-γ and tryptophan depletion with indole-positive, but not indole-negative Prevotella spp.

    The natural course of sexually transmitted infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis varies between individuals. In addition to parasite and host effects, the vaginal microbiota might play a key role in the outc...

    Noa Ziklo, Wilhelmina M. Huston, Kuong Taing, Mohammad Katouli and Peter Timms

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:286

    Published on: 3 December 2016

  12. Research article

    Burkholderia pseudomallei-derived miR-3473 enhances NF-κB via targeting TRAF3 and is associated with different inflammatory responses compared to Burkholderia thailandensis in murine macrophages

    Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) is the causative agent of melioidosis, a kind of tropical disease. Burkholderia thailandensis (Bt), with a high sequence similarity to Bp, is thought to ...

    Yao Fang, Hai Chen, Yi Hu, Qian Li, Zhiqiang Hu, Tengfei Ma and Xuhu Mao

    BMC Microbiology 2016 16:283

    Published on: 28 November 2016

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